Asian Fighting Arts
Chinese Kung Fu / Wushu
Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu (/ˈkʊŋ ˈfuː/; Chinese: 功夫; pinyin: gōng fu; Cantonese Yale: gūng fū) and wushu (武术; wǔshù), are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China. These fighting styles are often classified according to common traits, identified as “families” (家; jiā), “sects” (派; pài) or “schools” (门; mén) of martial arts. Examples of such traits include Shaolinquan (少林拳) physical exercises involving Five Animals (五形) mimicry, or training methods inspired by Chinese philosophies, religions and legends. Styles that focus on qi manipulation are called internal (内家拳; nèijiāquán), while others that concentrate on improving muscle and cardiovascular fitness are called “external” (外家拳; wàijiāquán). Geographical association, as in northern (北拳; běiquán) and “southern” (南拳; nánquán), is another popular classification method.
- Siamese boxing Muay Boran(Ancient Boxing) – created by Siamese (Thai) to use in conjunction with the art of dual swords (daab song mue) and Krabi Krabong, predecessor of Muay Thai, allows the use of headbutts.
- Thai boxing or Muay Thai– the Thai style of striking with strong emphasis on kicks, punches, kneeand elbow strikes.
- Burmese Lethwei– Traditional kickboxing from Myanmaremphasising knees, elbow strikes, headbutts, punches, and kicks.
- Laotian Muay Lao– Lao kickboxing
- Malay Tomoi– kickboxing style from northern Malaysia, descended from Siamese boxing or muay boran.
- Khmer Pradal Serey– with an emphasis on elbow techniques.
- Daitō-ryū aiki-jūjutsu(大東流合気柔術)
- Iaido(居合道、居合術 Iaijutsu)
- Japanese kickboxing
- Jujutsu(柔術、Jiujitsu, Jujitsu)
- Kosho Shorei Ryū Kempo
- Nippon Kempo(日本拳法)
- Shindō jinen-ryū(神道自然流)
- Shoot Boxing
- Shoot wrestling
- Shōrinji Kempō(少林寺拳法)
- Takeda Ryu Nakamura Ha
- Yoseikan Budo
Modern Korean martial
- Tang Soo Do/Soo Bahk Do
- Hapkido arts
Historical European martial arts (HEMA) refers to martial arts of European origin, particularly using arts formerly practised, but having since died out or evolved into very different forms.
Most popular modern arts are :